A Timeline Of Important Events In LGBT History

 
1951

Roberta Cowell is the first known British trans woman to have reassignment surgery and her birth certificate changed.

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1958

The Homosexual Law Reform Society is formed, to campaign for same-sex relationships to be legalised in the UK.

 
1964

The North Western Homosexual Law Reform Society is founded to promote legal and social equality for gay men, lesbians and bisexuals.

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1966

The Beaumont Society, a Trans support group is founded to provide education and information to everyone, and to encourage research aimed at a fuller understanding.

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1969

The North West Homosexual Law Reform Committee becomes a UK-wide organisation, and is renamed as the Committee for Homosexual Equality (CHE). The CHE gains support from leading figures in the medical profession, the arts and the church.

 
1969

The Stonewall riots happen in America and trigger the LGBT liberation movement, spreading beyond the US.

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1971

The Committee for Homosexual Equality is renamed as The Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE).

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1972

The first Pride event is held in London, and Britain’s first gay newspaper, Gay News, is founded.

 
1974

A London based support and information helpline is established, London Lesbian and Gay Switchboard.

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1974

Maureen Colquhoun came out as the first lesbian Labour MP.

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1980

The first black lesbian and gay group is formed in the UK.

 
1983

The UK’s first national LGBT TV show, One in Five was shown on Channel 4.

 
1984

Chris Smith came out as the first openly gay Labour MP.

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1984

The Politics of Bisexuality, now known as BiCon launches.

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1987

The International Foundation for Gender Education (IFGE) is founded to promote acceptance for transgender people.

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1988

Stonewall UK is formed in response to section 28 and other barriers to equality.

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1990

Lesbian and gay police officers established the UK’s Lesbian and Gay Police Association.

 
1992

World Health Organisation declassifies same-sex attraction as a mental illness.

 
1995

Mermaids is founded by a group of parents brought together by their children’s longstanding gender issues. Offering appropriate resources to young people, their families and carers, and professionals working with gender variant young people.

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2000

UK Government removes the ban on lesbians, gay men and bisexuals serving in the armed forces.

 
2001

The age of consent for gay men becomes equal to that of straight people.

 
2002

Equal rights are granted to same-sex couples applying for adoption.

 
2002

Ian Duncan becomes the first Conservative MP to be open about his sexual orientation, without being coerced.

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2003

Employment equality (Sexual orientation) regulations become UK law.

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2004

The Civil Partnership Act grants civil partnerships between same-sex couples.

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2004

The Gender Recognition Act is passed, giving Trans people full legal recognition in their appropriate gender, although gender options are still limited to ‘male’ or ‘female’.

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2005

Transgender Europe is founded. The organisation campaigns for the equality of all Trans people in Europe.

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2007

The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 2008 recognises same-sex couples as legal parents of children conceived through the use of donated sperm, eggs or embryos.

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2008

Gendered Intelligence (GI) is founded in the UK to increase the understanding of gender diversity.

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2010

The Equality Act 2010 officially adds gender reassignment as a protected characteristic.

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2012

Explicit reference to homophobic bullying in schools is introduced into Ofsted’s inspection framework in the UK.

 
2013

Marriage (Same-Sex Couples) Act is passed in England and Wales.

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2013

The first trans Pride is held in Brighton.

 
2014

The Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Act 2013 officially comes into force, with the first same-sex marriages in England and Wales taking place on 29 March 2014.

 
2017

The UK Supreme Court rules that the discrimination against same-sex couples on pensions rights needs to end immediately.

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